# 1.1 The Piano Keys

1.1.1 Finding The 12 Unique Keys/Notes On The Keyboard

If you look at a piano you can see certain shapes and patterns re-accruing over and over again. That can be clearly seen with the 2+3 black keys groupings. There are 3 white keys surrounding the 2 black note grouping and 4 white keys surrounding the 3 black note grouping. Altogether they form 12 keys (2+3 black and 3+4 white).

These 12 keys are the 12 unique keys/notes we need to learn. Once we have learned them you will know all the keys of the keyboard since they just repeat themselves in another register. We are going to get back to the 12 unique notes soon.

1.1.2 Finding middle C on the keyboard

Almost all examples in this lesson series are written in the key of C or in the key center of C. It is important to know how to find it. We can find C on the left side of the 2 note black grouping (the white key). The next step is to find the “middle C” since there are many “C”s on the keyboard. If we have a full sized 88 keys piano we can press the highest key (the right-most) and then move down until we find the same key an octave lower. (An octave is the distance between two of the “same” notes such as C to C in the example. We cover that when we go through intervals). We do this for 4 octaves down the keyboard. Alternately we can start from the lowest C on the keyboard and move 3 octaves up the keyboard. We will often use this middle C (and C in general) as a reference key and/or key center.

(c) 2019 Sibil Yanev